Up to 20% of patients in a gastroenterology clinic and between 2-5 % of all primary care visits are attributable to symptoms compatible with functional dyspepsia.
Functional dyspepsia is part of the realm of functional bowel disease
, just as IBS, and remains a diagnosis based on exclusion of identifiable gross pathology and inclusion of symptoms regarded as typical for FD. Different sets of diagnostic criteria have been developed over the years; the most widely used being the ROME questions
, currently available in their third iteration.
Patients are often informed that “they have nothing” and need to “learn to live with that” which is not useful for most, especially severe cases.
Apart from the diagnostic challenge
for doctors and patients (Which test to do? Which doctor to consult? Consultation of specialized doctors? They found nothing – repeat the exam? Has everything been done?) there is the therapeutic challenge
(Is food causing it? Can I manage it on my own or do I need dietary advice? Which medication to take? How long? Side effects? Multiple medications? Psychologist needed? Physiotherapist needed?) and the coping challenge
(What is wrong with me? Why me? Is this a life-long disease? Will it affect my work ability? Can my partner take it? Will I get colon cancer, eventually? Can I get pregnant?).
Whereas many patients can be treated with little or no medication
and some dietary advice
, others need multiple medications, specialized dietary advice, specialized testing
, repeated instructions, psychological support and even physiotherapy. The combination of which is found only in few specialized centers.
Click here for comprehensive information on FD in German.
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